8 Parts of Speech! The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence. In this lesson, you will learn eight parts of speech in English (also known as word classes): nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.
8 Parts of Speech
- A noun names a person, place, things or idea.
- Examples: pen, house, book, teacher, students, daughter, thief, Mary, and etc.
- Example Sentence: The teacher gives us a lot of homework.
- An adverb tells how often, how, when, where. It can describe a verb, an adjective or an adverb.
- Examples: frequently, seldom, sometimes, early, soon, etc.
- Example Sentence: Don’t worry, he will get well soon!
- A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience.
- Examples: study, think, prepare, realize, believe, look, see and etc.
- Example Sentence: Jim studies hard to pass the final exam.
- An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.
- Examples: tall, thin, red, beautiful, ugly, sweet, handsome and etc.
- Example Sentence: You look so beautiful in that red dress.
- A preposition is used before a noun, pronoun, or gerund to show place, time, direction in a sentence.
- Examples: at, in, on, from, above, below etc.
- Example Sentence: Be careful! the cat is lying under your table.
- Conjunctions join words or groups of words in a sentence.
- Examples: so, until, and, because, yet, therefore, moreover, since, or, but and etc.
- Example Sentence: I have studied English since 1995.
- Pronouns replace the name of a person, place, thing or idea in a sentence.
- Examples: this, that, he, she, it, we, they, him, her, and etc.
- Example Sentence: This book belongs to her friend.
- Interjections express strong emotion and are often followed by an exclamation point.
- Examples: Hooray! Yeah! Oops! Phew! Bravo! Well! Aha!
- Example Sentence: Yeah! Finally, I passed this exam!
Eight Parts of Speech | Infographic