GERUND: What is a Gerund? Important Gerund Examples

What is a GERUND? Important Gerund Examples in English! This page provides the definition of Gerund and Gerund examples for ESL Learners to master their English grammar.

What is a GERUND? Gerund Examples

What is a gerund? Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. They’re very easy to spot since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. There are no exceptions to this rule.

Identifying Gerunds in a Sentence

Let’s take a look at some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English language. Remember, in every instance below, the gerund is working as a noun.

Gerunds as subjects:

  • Reading is relaxing.
  • Writing is an exchange of ideas.

Gerund phrases as subjects:

  • Swimming laps is the most relaxing activity in the world.
  • Filing papers can give you a paper cut.

Gerunds as direct objects:

  • I love reading. (verb = love; love what? reading)
  • Patrick likes photographing nature. (verb = likes; likes what? photographing)

Gerund phrases as direct objects:

  • I enjoy shopping with friends. (verb = enjoy; enjoy what? shopping with friends)
  • My friends anticipated our trying on new shoes. (verb = anticipated; anticipated what? trying on new shoes)

Gerunds as indirect objects:

  • I never gave reading enough of a chance. (verb = gave; gave what? reading)
  • Last week, I made studying my priority. (verb = made; made what? studying)

Gerund phrases as indirect objects:

  • As part of her writing process, she began recording every detail. (verb = began; began what? recording every detail)
  • Once Tom gave the order, he started collecting all the evidence. (verb = started; started what? collecting all the evidence)

Gerunds as objects of prepositions:

  • My love for reading was immediate. (preposition = for)
  • By reading, we can explore new worlds. (preposition = by)

Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions:

  • Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. (preposition = in)
  • Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. (preposition = since)

Gerunds as predicate nouns:

  • Dawn’s favorite activity is reading. (Reading is identifying the noun “activity.”)
  • Her occupation is writing. (Writing is identifying the noun “occupation.”)

Gerund phrases as predicate nouns:

  • His only focus was improving the lives of others. (Improving the lives of others is identifying the noun “focus.”)
  • Dawn’s favorite pastime is swimming in the Atlantic. (Swimming in the Atlantic is identifying the noun “pastime.”)

Verbs Followed by Gerunds

List of verbs followed by gerunds in English.

Verb + Gerund

  • acknowledge
  • anticipate
  • appreciate
  • consider
  • defend
  • deny
  • detest
  • discuss
  • dislike
  • endure
  • enjoy
  • go
  • imagine
  • involve
  • keep
  • mention
  • omit
  • postpone
  • practice
  • prevent
  • quit
  • recall
  • recollect
  • recommend
  • regret
  • resent
  • resist
  • resume
  • risk
  • suggest
  • tolerate
  • understand

Verb + Preposition + Gerund

  • adapt to
  • apologize for
  • approve of
  • ask about
  • believe in
  • blame for
  • care about
  • complain about
  • consist of
  • disapprove of
  • discourage from
  • engage in
  • forgive for
  • give up
  • help with
  • look forward to
  • participate in
  • persist in
  • plan on
  • prepare for
  • profit from
  • prohibit from
  • put off
  • result from
  • succeed in
  • suffer from
  • talk about
  • take part in
  • there’s no point in
  • think about
  • warn about
  • work on
  • worry about

Be + Adjective + Preposition + Gerund

  • be accustomed to
  • be afraid of
  • be angry about
  • be ashamed of
  • be capable of
  • be certain about
  • be concerned with
  • be critical of
  • be discouraged from
  • be enthusiastic about
  • be familiar with
  • be famous for
  • be fond of
  • be glad about
  • be good at
  • be happy about
  • be interested in
  • be known for
  • be nervous about
  • be perfect for
  • be proud of
  • be responsible for
  • be sad about
  • be successful in
  • be suitable for
  • be tired of
  • be tolerant of
  • be upset about
  • be used to
  • be useful for
  • be worried about

Gerunds in English | Infographic



GERUND: What is a Gerund? Important Gerund Examples 1

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imroatus solikhahFloraVali Recent comment authors
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Good point of grammar


[…] List of verbs can go with infinitives or gerunds. […]


Great job.

imroatus solikhah
imroatus solikhah

Very helpful