Skip to Content

The Simple Present Tense: Useful Usage and Example Sentences

The Simple Present Tense: Useful Usage and Example Sentences

Sharing is caring!

In English grammar, we often use the simple present tense to discuss actions and habits that are regular, repeating, or perpetual. This tense is also used for stating general truths or facts and for expressing a state of being or conditions that are currently existing. It’s a vital part of our daily communication, allowing us to convey clear and straightforward information about our routines, jobs, feelings, and the world around us.

Simple Present Tense | Usage & Examples

The Simple Present Tense: Useful Usage and Example Sentences


  • Affirmative (+):         S + V(s/es) + O.
  • Negative (-):                S+ don/t/doesn/t + V (base form) + O.
  • Interrogative (?):      Do/does + S + V(base form) + O ?

Examples with the verb RUN

Affirmative (+) 

  • I run fast.
  • You run fast.
  • He runs fast.
  • She runs fast.
  • It runs fast.
  • They run fast.
  • We run fast.

Negative (-)

  • I don’t run fast.
  • You don’t run fast.
  • He doesn’t run fast.
  • She doesn’t run fast.
  • It doesn’t run fast.
  • They don’t run fast.
  • We don’t run fast.

Interrogative (?)

  • Do I run fast?
  • Do you run fast?
  • Does he run fast?
  • Does she run fast?
  • Does it run fast?
  • Do they run fast?
  • Do we run fast?

Time Markers and Clues

Certain adverbs and adverb phrases are commonly used with the simple present tense as clues to convey the frequency or regularity of an action. These include:

Frequency adverbs: often, sometimes, always, never, usually, and rarely.

  • Always: Signifies something that happens all the time without exception.
  • Usually: Indicates something that happens most of the time, but not always.
  • Often: Suggests a high occurrence but with some irregularity.
  • Sometimes: Means the action occurs occasionally.
  • Rarely/Seldom: Shows that an action does not happen frequently.
  • Never: Used to express that an action does not happen at all.

Adverbial phrases: every day, once a week, on Mondays.

Uses and Functions

The simple present tense has several important uses:

  • Habits and routines: We talk about actions that happen regularly or habitually. For example:
    • We brush our teeth twice a day.
  • Factual information: We present facts or general truths. For example:
    • The Earth orbits the Sun.
  • Permanent situations: We describe situations that do not change over time. For example:
    • She lives in Paris.
  • Scheduled events (in the near future): We refer to timetabled events or schedules. For example:
    • The train leaves at 6:00 PM tomorrow.
  • Instructions and directions: We convey instructions or give directions. For example:
    • You take the first left, then continue straight.

Spelling Rules for Verbs

When we use verbs in the simple present tense, there are some important spelling rules we need to follow, especially for the third person singular forms.

Adding -S or -ES

Most verbs in the third person singular form (he, she, it) simply have an -s added to the base form:

  • work → works
  • call → calls
  • love → loves

However, some verbs require you to add -es instead:

  • If the verb ends in –ss, –sh, –ch, –x, or –o, add -es:
    Base Form Third Person Singular
    kiss kisses
    wash washes
    watch watches
    fix fixes
    go goes
  • Verbs ending in –z and –s have the final consonant doubled before the -es:
    Base Form Third Person Singular
    buzz buzzes
    fizz fizzes

Verb Ending in -Y

For verbs that end in –y, the spelling rules vary based on the preceding letter:

  • If there’s a consonant before -y, change the –y to -ies:
    Base Form Third Person Singular
    study studies
    try tries
  • If there’s a vowel before -y, just add -s:
    Base Form Third Person Singular
    play plays
    say says

Remembering these rules helps us write correct sentences in simple present tense.

Special Cases

In exploring the simple present tense, we encounter unique instances where the standard rules adapt to context. These special cases often enhance our understanding of how versatile this tense can be.

Non-Action Verbs

In English, certain verbs that express states of being, emotions, possession, senses, and mental processes are typically not used in progressive forms and are thus found in the simple present tense. These non-action verbs include:

  • States of being: be, seem, exist
  • Emotions: love, hate, prefer
  • Possession: own, belong, have
  • Senses: hear, see, smell
  • Mental processes: think, believe, remember

For example:

  • We have two dogs. (possession)
  • believe you are correct. (mental process)
  • They prefer tea over coffee. (emotion)

Zero Conditional

The zero conditional, indicating general truths or law of nature, also employs the simple present tense in both clauses. It structures a condition and its result and is used when the outcome is always true if the condition is met.

Structure: If/When + simple present, simple present.


  • If you heat ice, it melts.
  • When the sun sets, it gets dark.

Interactive Exercises

Exercise 1: Choose the Correct Form of the Verb

For each sentence, choose the correct form of the verb in simple present tense.

  1. She (walks/walk) to school every day.
  2. My brother (knows/know) how to play the piano.
  3. The Earth (revolves/revolve) around the Sun.
  4. Cats (likes/like) to sleep during the day.
  5. He (does/do) his homework in the evening.
  6. The store (opens/open) at 8 o’clock in the morning.
  7. Birds (flies/fly) south for the winter.
  8. Water (boils/boil) at 100 degrees Celsius.
  9. The teacher (gives/give) us a lot of homework.
  10. They (watches/watch) a movie once a week.


  1. walks
  2. knows
  3. revolves
  4. like
  5. does
  6. opens
  7. fly
  8. boils
  9. gives
  10. watch

Exercise 2: Fill in the Blanks with the Correct Simple Present Tense Form

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in parentheses in simple present tense.

  1. My parents __________ (to go) to church every Sunday.
  2. The bus __________ (to arrive) at 3 PM sharp.
  3. Our teacher always __________ (to encourage) us to ask questions.
  4. The museum __________ (to close) at 5 o’clock in the evening.
  5. She __________ (to speak) three languages fluently.
  6. It __________ (to rain) a lot in the tropics.
  7. My cat __________ (to love) to chase after its tail.
  8. The sun __________ (to set) in the west.
  9. We __________ (to eat) dinner together as a family.
  10. The flowers __________ (to bloom) in the spring.


  1. go
  2. arrives
  3. encourages
  4. closes
  5. speaks
  6. rains
  7. loves
  8. sets
  9. eat
  10. bloom

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I form sentences in the simple present tense?

To form sentences in the simple present tense, we use the base form of the verb for the subject pronouns I, you, we, they, and the infinitive form without ‘to’. For the third person singular (he, she, it), we add an ‘s’ or ‘es’ to the verb.

Can you show me examples of the simple present tense in daily use?

Certainly! We often say “I drink coffee every morning.” or “She goes to the gym after work.” These sentences describe regular habits and routines.

What are the main uses of the simple present tense in English?

We use the simple present tense to express habitual actions, general truths, and fixed arrangements. For instance, “The Sun rises in the East” is a general truth, and “Our train leaves at 9 PM” reflects a fixed schedule.

How does the simple present tense differ from the present continuous tense?

The simple present tense expresses general, habitual actions while the present continuous tense is for actions that are currently ongoing. We might say “We read books” (simple present) versus “We are reading a book right now” (present continuous).

In what ways is the simple present tense taught to children?

We often teach the simple present tense to children through repetition and practice with daily activities. For example, asking “What do you do every morning?” gets children to respond using the simple present.

Why is the simple present tense important to learn?

Understanding the simple present tense is crucial for basic communication in English. It allows us to talk about daily routines, general facts, and share information about habitual actions.


Wednesday 30th of August 2023

I have to speak English, What can i do?


Friday 24th of December 2021

Tanks. this is very good


Monday 20th of September 2021

i like speak english forever

nona ilievska

Wednesday 18th of November 2020

i dont love English


Saturday 18th of July 2020

The easiest, clearest, fastest way of learning simple present tense!