The Simple Present Tense in English

The simple present tense is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements. In this lesson, you will learn the simple present or present simple tense in English verb tenses chart.

Simple Present Tense | Usage & Examples

Structure

  • Affirmative (+):           S + V(s/es) + O.
  • Negative (-):           S+ don/t/doesn/t + V (base form) + O.
  • Interrogative (?):        Do/does + S + V(base form) + O ?

Usage

  • To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes:
    I study (habit); I work in Newyork (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth)
  • To give instructions or directions:
    You open the door and you see a red umbrella.
  • To express fixed arrangements, present or future:
    Your flight starts at 09.00
  • To express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until:
    I will finish the task before this afternoon.

Examples with the verb RUN

Affirmative (+) 

  • I run fast.
  • You run fast.
  • He runs fast.
  • She runs fast.
  • It runs fast.
  • They run fast.
  • We run fast.

Negative (-)

  • I don’t run fast.
  • You don’t run fast.
  • He doesn’t run fast.
  • She doesn’t run fast.
  • It doesn’t run fast.
  • They don’t run fast.
  • We don’t run fast.

Interrogative (?)

  • Do I run fast?
  • Do you run fast?
  • Does he run fast?
  • Does she run fast?
  • Does it run fast?
  • Do they run fast?
  • Do we run fast?

Present Simple| Infographic

Simple Present Tense

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